What to do if someone has a heart attack

If someone around you is having a heart attack and you have no idea what to do, it can turn into a panicky and life-threatening situation. In such a case, knowing what steps to take promptly is crucial in potentially saving a lifeIf someone around you shows symptoms of a heart attack, it’s essential to act quickly and calmly.

Common symptoms include chest discomfort or pain that may spread to the arms, neck, jaw, or back. Other signs include shortness of breath, cold sweat, nausea, lightheadedness, or discomfort in the upper body. If someone exhibits these symptoms, do not ignore or downplay them. Call emergency services immediately.

1. Stay calm and support the person​
As you wait for medical help, ensure the affected person remains as calm and still as possible. Encourage them to sit or lie down comfortably. Loosen tight clothing and reassure them that help is on the way. Offer support being ready to provide assistance as needed.

2. Provide aspirin (if available)​
If the person experiencing the heart attack is conscious and not allergic to aspirin, offering a regular, non-coated aspirin (usually 325 mg) can help. Chewing and swallowing an aspirin at the onset of a heart attack may help by potentially preventing blood clots. However, only administer aspirin if advised by emergency services or if you’re certain the individual is not allergic.

​3. Perform CPR (if necessary and trained)​
If the person stops breathing or loses consciousness, CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) can be a lifesaving technique. If you’re trained in CPR, begin performing it immediately. Chest compressions and rescue breaths can help maintain blood flow and oxygen circulation until medical assistance arrives.

​4. Stay with the person until help arrives​
Continue to support the person until emergency medical services arrive. Reassure them and monitor their condition. Note any changes in their symptoms or consciousness level and convey these updates to the medical responders upon their arrival.

5. ​Timely help can save a life​
It’s crucial to remember that time is of the essence during a heart attack. Prompt action can significantly impact the person’s chances of survival and minimize potential damage to the heart. The primary goal is to get medical professionals involved as quickly as possible. Therefore, even if you are unsure whether the symptoms indicate a heart attack, it’s better to err on the side of caution and seek immediate medical assistance. Training in CPR and basic first aid can also equip individuals to respond effectively in such emergencies, potentially saving lives.

Source: Fakazanews

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